The Chinese are rarely out of the news lately—whether it is the arrest of activist citizens fighting for Human Rights, the reported bullying of a news crew by members of the Chinese Coast Guard or a memorandum of agreement on joint oil and gas development.
The Philippines and China signed 29 agreements during the two-day state visit of Chinese President Xi Jinping to the country last week. Among these is an agreement—a copy of which was only released Monday—on how to look for and develop resources in the West Philippine Sea.
A Social Weather Stations survey released on the eve of Xi’s visit to the country showed that Filipinos distrust China the most despite the Duterte administration’s pivot to Beijing in exchange of huge grants for the government’s ambitious infrastructure program.
The same poll found out that 84 percent of Filipinos reject the current administration’s apparent inaction about China’s intrusion in the West Philippine Sea—a turnabout from the confrontational approach of the previous administration to maritime disputes.
This prompted a retired Filipino-American Marine to comment on the issue whether US Marines would fight for the Philippines in case of an act of aggression/invasion of China over the Philippines.
“I’m a former US Marine, got retired this 2018 only. My love & roots is always for the Philippines. During my tour in the Naval Base Guam, I had asked some of my fellow American marines if they’re willing to fight for the Philippines in case of a Chinese aggression/invasion.
They all answered: ‘HELL YEAH!’”, said by retired US Marine John Lampitoc in his facebook post.
US-PH Mutual Defense Treaty
The Mutual Defense Treaty between the Republic of the Philippines and the United States of America was signed on August 30, 1951, in Washington, D.C. between representatives of the Philippines and the United States. The overall accord contained eight articles and dictated that both nations would support each other if either the Philippines or the United States were to be attacked by an external party.
ARTICLE IV of US-PH Mutual Defense Treaty
Each Party recognizes that an armed attack in the Pacific Area on either of the Parties would be dangerous to its own peace and safety and declares that it would act to meet the common dangers in accordance with its constitutional processes.
Any such armed attack and all measures taken as a result thereof shall be immediately reported to the Security Council of the United Nations. Such measures shall be terminated when the Security Council has taken the measures necessary to restore and maintain international peace and security.
ARTICLE V of US-PH Mutual Defense Treaty
For the purpose of Article IV, an armed attack on either of the Parties is deemed to include an armed attack on the metropolitan territory of either of the Parties, or on the island territories under its jurisdiction in the Pacific or on its armed forces, public vessels or aircraft in the Pacific.